Fig, scientific name Ficus carica Linn. Deciduous shrub or tree, up to 12m, with milk. According to scientists, the fig is not without flowers, it flowers, but flowers very small, people do not see it. Therefore, it is only then it is called the "fig."
Food features: Fig, dry skin grayish brown, smooth or irregular longitudinal cracks. Branchlets stout, stipule-coated buds, stipule leaves off the branches after the circular stipular scars very evident. Alternate, simple leaves, thick quality, broadly ovate or nearly spherical, long 10 ~ 20cm, 3 ~ 5 palmately parted, rarely does not crack, margin wavy teeth, rough above, the following have short hair.
Place of origin: Fig origin in southern Arabia, after the introduction Syria, Turkey and other places, cultivated Asian countries along the Mediterranean coast at present height. At present, except the northeast, Tibet and Qinghai, the country in other provinces (regions) have fig distribution. Although the wide distribution, but concentrated into very small pieces, mostly scattered. The main areas of domestic distribution of Xinjiang, Shandong, Jiangsu, and Guangxi.
Nutrition: Fig contains malic acid, citric acid, lipase, protease, hydrolysis enzymes that can help the body to digest food and appetite, and it contains a variety of lipids, it has a laxative effect.
Dietotherapy function: Fig sweet, flat, non-toxic; with spleen, nourish, relax effect; treating indigestion and not eating, Yin cough, dry cough without sputum, sore throat embolism. For color-blind person to eat, help the visual recovery.