Vicia faba, the Broad Bean, Fava Bean, Field Bean, Bell Bean or Tic Bean is a species of bean (Fabaceae) native to north Africa and southwest Asia, and extensively cultivated elsewhere. A variety is provisionally recognized: Vicia faba var. equina Pers. – Horse Bean
Although usually classified in the same genus Vicia as the vetches, some botanists treat it in a separate monotypic genus Faba.
Food features: It is a rigid, erect plant 0.5-1.7 m tall, with stout stems with a square cross-section. The leaves are 10-25 cm long, pinnate with 2-7 leaflets, and of a distinct glaucous grey-green color; unlike most other vetches, the leaves do not have tendrils for climbing over other vegetation. The flowers are 1-2.5 cm long, with five petals, the standard petal white, the wing petals white with a black spot (true black, not deep purple or blue as is the case in many "black" colorings ), and the keel petals white. Crimson flowered broad beans also exist, which were recently saved from extinction. The fruit is a broad leathery pod, green maturing to blackish-brown, with a densely downy surface; in the wild species, the pods are 5-10 cm long and 1 cm diameter, but many modern cultivars developed for food use have pods 15-25 cm long and 2-3 cm thick. Each pod contains 3-8 seeds; round to oval and 5-10 mm diameter in the wild plant, usually flattened and up to 20-25 mm long, 15 mm broad and 5-10 mm thick in food cultivars. Vicia faba has a diploid (2n) chromosome number of 12, meaning that each cell in the plant has 12 chromosomes (6 homologous pairs). Five pairs are acrocentric chromosomes and 1 pair is metacentric.
Nutrition: Beans in regulating the brain and nerve tissue containing an important component of calcium, zinc, manganese, phospholipids, etc., and alkali rich stones have enhanced the role of memory in the brain. Calcium in beans is conducive to the absorption of calcium and bone calcification, can promote the growth of the human skeleton. The protein-rich beans, and cholesterol, can increase the nutritional value of food, prevention of cardiovascular disease. If you are dealing with exams or mental worker, proper eating beans may have some effect. Of vitamin C can delay the broad bean atherosclerosis, broad bean skin in dietary fiber lower cholesterol, promote the role of peristalsis. Modern people also believe that the bean is one of anti-cancer foods in the prevention of colorectal cancer are effective.
Dietotherapy function: Beans are also good food, not only delicious, but also treatment. Chinese medicine believes that beans have a spleen, dampness, used in the gas shortage of fatigue, eat less, loose stools and edema oliguria. It is said that there are anti-cancer effect. Its leaves, shells, flowers, stems also have medicinal value.
The role of broad bean leaves with a bleeding, treat tuberculosis, hemoptysis, stomach and duodenal ulcer bleeding. Usage is to take fresh clothes in broad bean leaves Daozhi, each 20ml, 2 times a day. Topical administration can also be powdered traumatic bleeding. Tender beans cooked rice energy and stomach, laxative, and habitual constipation have good effect.
Bean shell rule edema, beriberi, dysuria. Decoction every 9 ~ 15g. Treatment of pemphigus, yellow water sore, into powder and sesame oil dressing surface of the skin tone.
Cooling blood to stop bleeding broad bean flowers, attending hemoptysis, nose bleeding, blood Li, hypertension, decoction, each 9 ~ 15g.
Bean stems burning ash deposited after the oil transfer, can cure burns. Wetting Urine seed Pillay; pod shell income convergence bleeding.